Posts Tagged Electricity load shedding Pakistan
Winter 2015 have been worse in terms of load shedding. There have been massive load shedding, despite the fact that winters have off-peak demand for electricity. And despite all those pre-election claims of PML-N (Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz) about ending the load shedding, the situation just gone worse in winters. We witnessed load shedding of 8 to 14 hours and sometime worse.
Now we are on verge of summer 2015, when the demand of electricity is on its peak. It is just mid of April 2015, the weather have just started to get hot and load shedding is already increased to 10 to 16 hours in normal routine. Which is as same as about last year, there seems to be no progress at all. Pakistan’s peak requirement of electricity normally in summers is no more than 18000 MW (Mega Watts). According to a Wikipedia article about power plants in Pakistan, Pakistan have installed capacity of generating more than 23 GW (Giga Watts), which is 23000 MW.
So, there are other factors which government have not been able to manage in almost two years of its tenure, which include the circular debt as well as provision of fuel to power generation plants.
Circular debt keeps getting bigger when government does not ensure the recoveries against the electricity it provided to certain individuals or organizations. When PMLN came into power, WAPDA (Water and Power Distribution Authority) was facing circular debt of about 200 billion Pakistani Rupees, Government paid that from treasury and lessened the debt to near none. But than again they did not made prompt recoveries to keep it none, it grown and grown again.
One other reason is, according to same Wikipedia article mentioned above, lots of Pakistani power generation plants run on Natural gas. So as we know, Pakistan have lately been facing the shortage of Natural Gas, some of these plants have not been running. There were several import options being considered when this government came into power. One notable is Pakistan and Iran pipe Gas Pipe line. Half of work had been done, reportedly the Iran side of Pipe was complete. But PMLN led current government did not pursued the project, eventually ending in severe gas shortage, which affected power generation too.
Also, to deal with that gas shortage PMLN government did worked on importing LNG (Liquified Natural Gas). It was delayed very much but in the end, it was success and ship actually came in and docked to port to offload Natural Gas. Now government have also allowed private parties to import LNG. But than again the question is, why even after import of LNG is started, we have to face load shedding?. Why is it not provided to all those plants to generate the electricity to meet our needs.
What I think from all this scenario is, PMLN led government is saving on fuel, by not running or running less of power plants run by Oil and Gas. Their Number One priority is NOT the power. They are more indulge on other stuff like roads and transportation. That is all good but in today’s era, Load Shedding of Electricity must not simply exist in any part of world. From all over 200 countries of world there are only two to three countries which face this today. Pakistan have all the resources to keep running electrical appliances of people round the clock.
If government is really serious in resolving the power issue, Pakistan will not have an hour of electricity load shedding in year 2016. But if you ever witnessed in 2016 or later, please understand, we were being mislead and no one put attention on solving this humongous problem of people of Pakistan.
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Pakistan is the country which faces the power cuts through out the year due to gap in production and demand. But normally due to low demand people have to (thankfully) bear nominal electricity load shedding in winter season. This has been the case from decades. But this time things gone sideways, mismanagement of PMLN (Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz) made the power disappear in the month of January when winter is on its peak and power demand is near bottom line.
As of today People of Pakistan are facing loadshedding of 9 to 13 hours per day in cities and more than that in villages. k2This Power crisis was caused due to the Oil crisis which was also created due to the mismanagement of party in power, PMLN, when they did not put orders to purchase the Furnace Oil and Petrol, keeping in view the increasing demand of people.
Other reason is, they are ripping off the people by trying to not run the furnace oil generators and relying more on hydro electricity plants. Than people are charged as if all the electricity is generated on Furnace oil and that all collected money is used to cover the corruption and mismanagement of resources.
Second year of PMLN in power, is going to end soon but things only gone worse so far. We have power, gas, electricity and petroleum crisis now, some of them are the ones we were never used to, about couple of years ago, if you ask me. They include the gas crisis for domestic use, petrol crisis like the one we seen few days back and importantly the long hours of load shedding in winter season.
People already are fed up with the management skills possessed by self proclaimed experienced team of PMLN. If the PMLN wants any chance to be elected again, they will have to set their priorities straight and before anything else they would need to control the energy crisis. They are not being able to fulfill the basic needs of people, let alone putting the country to way of progress.
Here is the reality check, according to a wikipedia article, Pakistan have power plants which have capacity of producing 22000 Megawatts of electricity but our current government is having problem fulfilling the country’s winter needs, which range from 9000 to 14000 Megawatts at most in winters. Not only this, in jan 2015 we have also experienced the countrywide blackouts of several hours which were result of overloading few power plants due to unavailability of Furnace oil due to only reason, that govt forgot order the delivery on time.
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Currently the power in out in whole Pakistan from hours after the multiple power stations of country tripped. Due to furnace oil shortage, the power stations were making the way less electricity, which overloaded the system and now the whole Pakistan is facing blackout.
As soon as the country gone into blackout, the people gone furious and everyone is expressing their views about the failure of current government on twitter and other social media forums online. Same is reason that the hashtag Blackout (#blackout) is trending number one on twitter right now in Pakistan. Thousands of tweets coming every few minutes. If same pace is kept up, it is not far that we will see the blackout hashtag trending worldwide.
Trending number one in Whole Pakistan means that its currently being used most as compared to other hashtags. The most number of times in Pakistan. Citizens are expressing their views about our politician and their failure, here are few tweets we came across.
Failed Politicians send Pakistan into the ‘Dark Ages’. #blackout
— MuhammadAnjumKiani (@AnjumKiani) January 24, 2015
Another citizen reports about the unavailability of cable tv transmission due to power outage as follows
tv cable gone . survivor of the fittest #blackout
— Sohail khan (@SohailKhan1989) January 24, 2015
Another citizen who seems fed up with these issues created by our political leadership
جا بجلی کے بریک ڈؤن پر آنسو بہا کے سو جا #blackout
— Sadat Younis (@sadat_younis) January 24, 2015
Here is another citizen unhappy with current government
— Nisar Mehdi (@nisarmehdi) January 24, 2015
Another citizen making fun of lame excuses given by current PMLN (Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz) led government.
Media is responsible for this #blackout. Sincerely, the PML-N.
— Ali Salman Alvi (@alisalmanalvi) January 24, 2015
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Earlier today on Sunday, 25th Jan, 2015 after 12 am, whole country is now in total darkness after the major power plants trip. The water and power ministry is blaming the high load as cause of trip but it does not add up. In winter how much the load may by, which can cause countrywide trip. Tarbela, Mangla, Gudu and more power plants are affected.
Including Islamabad, whole country is in darkness as we speak. The Water and power ministry told that restoration of power will be started after 5am in the morning. I am sure it would be for just some areas, and it is 2:30 am in the morning.
According to a dawn news article Pakistan’s power production was 6700MW lower than demand due to acute furnace oil shortage. So this is now confirm that this breakdown is again failure of current government and connects to that same oil shortage which was caused as results of different government departments not paying PSO their debts.
Pakistan was today producing only 7000MW of power which is much lesser than our demand in winter which is near 9000 to 14000 MW. However, Pakistan has power generation capacity of over 20,000 MW, which have never been utilized fully due to mismanagement and corruption of political governments.
There are many cover stories coming forward now from government. Firstly, ministry told that this happened due to extra load and now Abid Sher Ali is mentioning a transmission line was blasted by terrorists.
This clearly happened due to non availability of Furnace Oil. International orders were not placed by PSO as result of nonpayment from Power companies and other government departments. This situation was likely and it was being told that this could very well happen in next few days.
The leading party PML-N (Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz) had claimed that they could take country much further, as they have experienced team. Here we are, facing the load shedding more than ever. Fuel shortage was worse for last few days.
The very thing the had to fix as first priority, the load shedding, they have made it worse as far now. Never in recent history Pakistan has produced the electricity as low as 7000 MW in a day. It happened today and here we are, whole country in darkness for long hours.
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It is now 2015, here we are in Pakistan, facing the same problems as we had in year 2014. One of these problems is electricity load shedding, which have struck this time with more impact. It is winter season, when the electricity demand is the lowest, but people of Pakistan have to face 12 hours of load shedding in urban areas, in rural areas things are much worse.
We are not facing the electricity load shedding here in Pakistan because we do not have resources or enough plants to generate enough electricity for winter season, we are facing it due to the incapable political administration led by PML-N (Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz) who do not want to run the generators which run on furnace oil but instead they resort to the methods like power plants on flow of water or solar energy. With all that said, I am not saying that Pakistan is relying only on these methods, few of plants of furnace oil are still running. But more can be run to fully eliminate the load shedding in winter season. Its very possible that each nook and corner of Pakistan can be provided with zero electricity down time in winter.
The reason why the all furnace oil plants are not being fully utilized is simple, govt charge people as if electricity is fully generated on furnace oil but they intend to run minimum of those generated and money saved from that fuel is used on other projects, the projects which may be low priority or importance but give some popularity to the political party in power.
Those who are in power, must understand that people of Pakistan very well know what is very important for them and what is not. They know that resolving the issue of Power Shortage is of much more importance than the existence of Metro Bus project in handful of cities of Pakistan.
Than again its warning to those in power, they must concentrate more on problems of Pakistan other than gaining traction for their own party. They must work more on resolving the basic issues like terrorism or power shortage in Pakistan other than coming up with Metro Bus Projects which are being done on extremely higher costs than actually it must be. Otherwise, only one thing people of Pakistan can do, that is not voting for PML-N in next elections.
I do no like to seem like I am driven by some political force here, but its good for us all, it is good for Pakistan that PML-N led government focuses and tries to solve basic issues of Pakistan. If they do that well, I will be the first one to vote them back in Pakistan General Elections 2018.
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