Constitution of Pakistan

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Preamble: Preamble

Part 1: IntroductoryChapter 1: Introductory
Article 1 : The Republic and its territories

Article 2 : Islam to be State religion

Article 2A : The Objectives Resolution to form part of substantive provisions

Article 3 : Elimination of exploitation

Article 4 : Right of individuals to be dealt with in accordance with law, etc

Article 5 : Loyalty to State and obedience to Constitution and law

Article 6 : High treason


Part 2: Fundamental Rights and Principles of PolicyChapter 1: Fundamental Rights
Article 7 : Definition of the State

Article 8 : Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of fundamental rights to be void

Article 9 : Security of person

Article 10 : Safeguards as to arrest and detention

Article 10A : Right to fair trial

Article 11 : Slavery, forced labour, etc., prohibited

Article 12 : Protection against retrospective punishment

Article 13 : Protection against double punishment and self incrimination

Article 14 : Inviolability of dignity of man, etc

Article 15 : Freedom of movement, etc

Article 16 : Freedom of assembly

Article 17 : Freedom of association

Article 18 : Freedom of trade, business or profession

Article 19 : Freedom of speech

Article 19A : Right to information

Article 20 : Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institutions

Article 21 : Safeguard against taxation for purposes of any particular religion.

Article 22 : Safeguards as to educational institutions in respect of religion, etc

Article 23 : Provision as to property

Article 24 : Protection of property rights

Article 25 : Equality of citizens

Article 25A : Right to education

Article 26 : Non-discrimination in respect of access to public places

Article 27 : Safeguard against discrimination in services

Article 28 : Preservation of language, script and culture

Chapter 2: Principles of Policy
Article 29 : Principles of Policy

Article 30 : Responsibility with respect to Principles of Policy

Article 31 : Islamic way of life

Article 32 : Promotion of local Government institutions

Article 33 : Parochial and other similar prejudices to be discouraged

Article 34 : Full participation of women in national life

Article 35 : Protection of family, etc

Article 36 : Protection of minorities

Article 37 : Promotion of social justice and eradication of social evils

Article 38 : Promotion of social and economic well-being of the people

Article 39 : Participation of people in Armed Forces

Article 40 : Strengthening bonds with Muslim world and promoting international peace


Part 3: The Federation of PakistanChapter 1: The President
Article 41 : The President

Article 42 : Oath of President

Article 43 : Conditions of President's office

Article 44 : Term of office of President

Article 45 : President's power to grant pardon, etc

Article 46 : President to be kept informed

Article 47 : Removal or impeachment of President

Article 48 : President to act on advice, etc

Article 49 : Chairman or Speaker to act as, or perform functions of, President

Chapter 2: Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)
Article 50 : Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 51 : National Assembly

Article 52 : Duration of National Assembly

Article 53 : Speaker and Deputy Speaker of National Assembly.

Article 54 : Summoning and prorogation of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 55 : Voting in Assembly and quorum

Article 56 : Address by President

Article 57 : Right to speak in Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 58 : Dissolution of the National Assembly

Article 59 : The Senate

Article 60 : Chairman and Deputy Chairman

Article 61 : Other provisions relating to Senate

Article 62 : Qualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 63 : Disqualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 64 : Vacation of seats

Article 65 : Oath of members

Article 66 : Privileges of members, etc

Article 67 : Rules of Procedure, etc

Article 68 : Restriction on discussion in Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 69 : Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 70 : Introduction and passing of Bills

Article 71 : This Article has been omitted

Article 72 : Procedure at joint sittings

Article 73 : Procedure with respect to Money Bill

Article 74 : Federal Government's consent required for financial measures

Article 75 : President's assent to Bills

Article 76 : Bill not to lapse on prorogation, etc

Article 77 : Tax to be levied by law only

Article 78 : Federal Consolidated Fund and Public Account

Article 79 : Custody, etc., of Federal Consolidated Fund and Public Account

Article 80 : Annual Budget Statement

Article 81 : Expenditure charged upon Federal Consolidated Fund

Article 82 : Procedure relating to Annual Budget Statement

Article 83 : Authentication of schedule of authorised expenditure

Article 84 : Supplementary and excess grants

Article 85 : Votes on account

Article 86 : Power to authorise expenditure when Assembly stands dissolved

Article 87 : Secretariats of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

Article 88 : Finance Committees

Article 89 : Power of President to promulgate Ordinances.

Chapter 3: The Federal Government
Article 90 : The Federal Government

Article 91 : The Cabinet

Article 92 : Federal Ministers and Ministers of State

Article 93 : Advisers

Article 94 : Prime Minister continuing in office

Article 95 : Vote of no-confidence against Prime Minister

Article 96 : This Article has been omitted

Article 97 : Extent of executive authority of Federation

Article 98 : Conferring of functions on subordinate authorities

Article 99 : Conduct of business of Federal Government

Article 100 : Attorney-General for Pakistan


Part 4: ProvincesChapter 1: The Governors
Article 101 : Appointment of Governor

Article 102 : Oath of office

Article 103 : Conditions of Governor's office

Article 104 : Speaker Provincial Assembly to act as, or perform functions of Governor in his absence

Article 105 : Governor to act on advice, etc

Chapter 2 : Provincial Assembly
Article 106 : Constitution of Provincial Assemblies

Article 107 : Duration of Provincial Assembly

Article 108 : Speaker and Deputy Speaker

Article 109 : Summoning and prorogatino of Provincial Assembly

Article 110 : Right of Governor to address Provincial Assembly

Article 111 : Right to speak in Provincial Assembly

Article 112 : Dissolution of Provincial Assembly

Article 113 : Qualifications and disqualifications for membership of Provincial Assembly

Article 114 : Restriction on discussion in Provincial Assembly

Article 115 : Provincial Government's consent required for financial measures

Article 116 : Governor's assent to Bills

Article 117 : Bill not to lapse on prorogation, etc

Article 118 : Provincial Consolidated Fund and Public Account

Article 119 : Custody, etc., of Provincial Consolidated Fund and Public Account

Article 120 : Annual Budget Statement

Article 121 : Expenditure charged upon Provincial Consolidated Fund

Article 122 : Procedure relating to Annual Budget Statement

Article 123 : Authentication of schedule of authorized expenditure

Article 124 : Supplementary and excess grant

Article 125 : Votes on account

Article 126 : Power to authorize expenditure when Assembly stands dissolved

Article 127 : Provisions relating to National Assembly, etc., to apply to Provincial Assembly, etc

Article 128 : Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances

Chapter 3: The Provincial Governments
Article 129 : The Provincial Government

Article 130 : The Cabinet

Article 131 : Governor to be kept informed

Article 132 : Provincial Minister

Article 133 : Chief Minister continuing in office

Article 134 : This Article has been omitted

Article 135 : This Article has been omitted

Article 136 : Vote of no-confidence against Chief Minister

Article 137 : Extent of executive authority of Province

Article 138 : Conferring of functions on subordinate authorities

Article 139 : Conduct of business of Provincial Government

Article 140 : Advocate-General for a Province

Article 140A : Local Government


Part 5: Relations between Federation and ProvincesChapter 1: Distribution of Legislative Powers
Article 141 : Extent of Federal and Provincial laws

Article 142 : Subject-matter of Federal and Provincial laws

Article 143 : Inconsistency between Federal and Provincial law

Article 144 : Power of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) to legislate for 84[one] or more Provinces by consent

Chapter 2: Administrative Relations between the Federation and Provinces
Article 145 : Power of President to direct Governor to discharge certain functions as his Agent

Article 146 : Power of Federation to confer powers, etc., on Provinces, in certain cases

Article 147 : Power of the Provinces to entrust functions to the Federation

Article 148 : Obligation of Provinces and Federation

Article 149 : Directions to Provinces in certain cases

Article 150 : Full faith and credit for public acts, etc

Article 151 : Inter-Provincial trade

Article 152 : Acquisition of land for Federal purposes

Chapter 3: Special Provisions
Article 153 : Council of Common Interests

Article 154 : Functions and rules of procedure

Article 155 : Complaints as to interference with water supplies

Article 156 : National Economic Council

Article 157 : Electricity

Article 158 : Priority of requirements of natural gas

Article 159 : Broadcasting and telecasting


Part 6: Finance, Property, Contracts and SuitsChapter 1: Finance
Article 160 : National Finance Commission

Article 161 : Natural gas and hydro-electric power

Article 162 : Prior sanction of President to Bills affecting taxation in which Provinces are interested

Article 163 : Provincial taxes in respect of professions, etc

Article 164 : Grants out of Consolidated Fund

Article 165 : Exemption of certain public property from taxation

Article 165A : Power of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) to impose tax on the income of certain corporations, etc

Chapter 2: Borrowing and Audit
Article 166 : Borrowing by Federal Government

Article 167 : Borrowing by Provincial Government

Article 168 : Auditor-General of Pakistan

Article 169 : Functions and powers of Auditor-General

Article 170 : Power of Auditor-General to give directions as to accounts

Article 171 : Reports of Auditor-General

Chapter 3: Property, Contracts, Liabilities and Suits
Article 172 : Ownerless property

Article 173 : Power to acquire property and to make contracts, etc

Article 174 : Suits and proceedings


Part 7: The JudicatureChapter 1: The Courts
Article 175 : Establishment and Jurisdiction of Courts

Article 175A : Appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Federal Shariat Court

Chapter 2: The Supreme Court of Pakistan
Article 176 : Constitution of Supreme Court

Article 177 : Appointment of Supreme Court Judges

Article 178 : Oath of Office

Article 179 : Retiring Age

Article 180 : Acting Chief Justice

Article 181 : Acting Judges

Article 182 : Appointment of ad hoc Judges

Article 183 : Seat of the Supreme Court

Article 184 : Original Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

Article 185 : Appellate Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

Article 186 : Advisory Jurisdiction

Article 186A : Power of Supreme Court to Transfer Cases

Article 187 : Issue and Execution of Processes of Supreme Court

Article 188 : Review of Judgments or Orders by the Supreme Court

Article 189 : Decisions of Supreme Court binding on other Courts

Article 190 : Action in aid of Supreme Court

Article 191 : Rules of Procedure

Chapter 3: The High Courts
Article 192 : Constitution of High Court

Article 193 : Appointment of High Court Judges

Article 194 : Oath of Office

Article 195 : Retiring Age

Article 196 : Acting Chief Justice

Article 197 : Additional Judges

Article 198 : Seat of the High Court

Article 199 : Jurisdiction of High Court

Article 200 : Transfer of High Court Judges

Article 201 : Decision of High Court binding on Subordinate Courts

Article 202 : Rules of Procedure

Article 203 : High Court to superintend Subordinate Courts

Chapter 3A: Federal Shariat Court
Article 203A : Provisions of Chapter to override other Provisions of Constitution

Article 203B : Definitions

Article 203C : The Federal Shariat Court

Article 203CC : This Article has been omitted

Article 203D : Powers, Jurisdiction and Functions of the Court

Article 203DD : Revision and other Jurisdiction of the Court

Article 203E : Powers and Procedure of the Court

Article 203F : Appeal to Supreme Court

Article 203G : Bar of Jurisdiction

Article 203GG : Decision of Court binding on High Court and Courts subordinate to it

Article 203H : Pending proceedings to continue, etc

Article 203I : This Article has been omitted

Article 203J : Power to make Rules

Chapter 4: General Provisions Relating to the Judicature
Article 204 : Contempt of Court

Article 205 : Remuneration, etc., of Judges

Article 206 : Resignation

Article 207 : Judge not to hold Office of Profit, etc

Article 208 : Officers and Servants of Courts

Article 209 : Supreme Judicial Council

Article 210 : Power of Council to enforce attendance of persons, etc

Article 211 : Bar of Jurisdiction

Article 212 : Administrative Courts and Tribunals

Article 212A : This Article has been omitted

Article 212B : This Article has been omitted


Part 8: ElectionsChapter 1: Chief Election Commissioner and Elections Commissions
Article 213 : Chief Election Commissioner

Article 214 : Commissioner's oath of office

Article 215 : Term of office of Commissioner

Article 216 : Commissioner not to hold office of profit

Article 217 : Acting Commissioner

Article 218 : Election Commission

Article 219 : Duties of Commission

Article 220 : Executive authorities to assist Commission, etc

Article 221 : Officers and servants

Chapter 2: Electoral Laws and Conduct of Elections
Article 222 : Electoral laws

Article 223 : Bar against double membership

Article 224 : Time of election and by-election

Article 225 : Election dispute

Article 226 : Election by secret ballot


Part 9: Islamic ProvisionsChapter 1: Islamic Provisions
Article 227 : Provisions relating to the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah

Article 228 : Composition, etc. of Islamic Council

Article 229 : Reference by Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), etc. to Islamic Council

Article 230 : Functions of Islamic Council

Article 231 : Rules of procedure


Part 10: Emergency ProvisionsChapter 1: Emergency Provisions
Article 232 : Proclamation of emergency on account of war, internal disturbance, etc

Article 233 : Power to suspend Fundamental Rights, etc., during emergency period

Article 234 : Power to issue Proclamation in case of failure of constitutional machinery in a Province

Article 235 : Proclamation in case of financial emergency

Article 236 : Revocation of Proclamation, etc

Article 237 : Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) may make laws of indemnity, etc


Part 11: Amendment of ConstitutionChapter 1: Amendment of Constitution
Article 238 : Amendment of Constitution

Article 239 : Constitution, Amendment Bill


Part 12: MiscellaneousChapter 1: Sevices
Article 240 : Appointments to service of Pakistan and conditions of service

Article 241 : Existing rules, etc., to continue

Article 242 : Public Service Commission

Chapter 2: Armed Forces
Article 243 : Command of Armed Forces

Article 244 : Oath of Armed Forces

Article 245 : Functions of Armed Forces

Chapter 3: Tribal Areas
Article 246 : Tribal Areas

Article 247 : Administration of Tribal Areas

Chapter 4: General
Article 248 : Protection to President, Governor, Minister, etc

Article 249 : Legal proceedings

Article 250 : Salaries, allowances, etc., of the President, etc

Article 251 : National language

Article 252 : Special provisions in relation to major ports and aerodromes

Article 253 : Maximum limits as to property, etc

Article 254 : Failure to comply with requirement as to time does not render an act invalid

Article 255 : Oath of office

Article 256 : Private armies forbidden

Article 257 : Provision relating to the State of Jammu and Kashmir

Article 258 : Government of territories outside Provinces

Article 259 : Awards

Chapter 5: Interpretation
Article 260 : Definitions

Article 261 : Person acting in office not to be regarded as successor to previous occupant or office, etc

Article 262 : Gregorian calendar to be used

Article 263 : Gender and number

Article 264 : Effect of repeal of laws

Chapter 6: Title, Commencement and Repeal
Article 265 : Title of Constitution and commencement

Article 266 : Repeal

Chapter 7: Transitional
Article 267 : Power of President to remove difficulties

Article 267A : Power to remove difficulties

Article 267B : Removal of doubt

Article 268 : Continuance in force, and adaptation of certain laws

Article 269 : Validation of laws, acts, etc

Article 270 : Temporary validation of certain laws, etc

Article 270A : Affirmation of President's Orders, etc

Article 270AA : Declaration and continuance of laws etc

Article 270AAA : Validation and affirmation of laws etc

Article 270B : Elections to be deemed to be held under Constitution

Article 270BB : General Elections 2008

Article 270C : Oath of office of Judges, etc

Article 271 : First National Assembly

Article 272 : First constitution of Senate

Article 273 : First Provincial Assembly

Article 274 : Vesting of property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations

Article 275 : Continuance in office of persons in service of Pakistan, etc

Article 276 : Oath of first President

Article 277 : Transitional, financial provisions

Article 278 : Accounts not audited before commencing day

Article 279 : Continuance of taxes

Article 280 : Continuance of Proclamation of Emergency


Annex: Annex - The Objective Resolution